Caractéristiques organisationnelles qui influencent le renforcement des capacités en évaluation chez les organismes communautaires du Québec : une recension des écrits

David Buetti, Isabelle Bourgeois, Sébastien Savard

Abstract


Few studies have conceptualized evaluation capacity for community organizations (COs), and even fewer in the specific context of COs in Québec. The objective of this article, therefore, is twofold: 1) to identify barriers to, and opportunities for, building evaluation capacity among OCs and 2) to verify the extent to which an existing conceptual framework of organizational evaluation capacity established by Isabelle Bourgeois and J. Bradley Cousins could be useful in its current form for understanding the evaluation capacity needs of COs in Québec. We first conducted a review of the scientific literature to identify the barriers and opportunities for evaluation capacity building in OCs, and analyzed the results of the literature review against the conceptual framework. Our results point to the fact that Bourgeois and Cousins’ framework is appropriate for understanding the key factors influencing the capacity to do and to use evaluations among OCs. Additional efforts would, however, be necessary to improve the framework’s compatibility with the practices and values of COs in Québec.

Les capacités en évaluation sont peu étudiées et encore moins conceptualisées en fonction du contexte particulier des organismes communautaires (OC) du Québec. Ainsi, l’objectif de cet article est double : 1) identifier chez les OC les barrières et les éléments qui facilitent le renforcement des capacités en évaluation et 2) vérifier dans quelle mesure un cadre conceptuel établi par Isabelle Bourgeois et J. Bradley Cousins pourrait s’avérer propice dans sa forme actuelle pour l’analyse des capacités en évaluation du milieu communautaire québécois. Nous avons d’abord identifié les barrières et les éléments qui facilitent le renforcement des capacités en évaluation des OC à partir d’une recherche documentaire d’articles scientifiques pertinents pour ensuite effectuer une analyse à partir du cadre conceptuel choisi. Nos résultats démontrent que le cadre conceptuel de Bourgeois et Cousins est pertinent pour répertorier les facteurs clés influençant la capacité à effectuer et à utiliser l’évaluation chez les OC. Des efforts supplémentaires seraient toutefois nécessaires pour améliorer la compatibilité du cadre conceptuel avec les pratiques et valeurs du milieu communautaire québécois.


Keywords


Community organizations; Organizational evaluation capacity; Evaluation capacity building; Program evaluation / Organismes communautaires; Capacités organisationnelles en évaluation; Renforcement des capacités en évaluation; Évaluation des programmes

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22230/cjnser.2019v10n2a287

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