Innovations from the Margins: Creating Inclusive and Equitable Academic-Community Research Collaborations

Michael J. McNamara, Sara J. Cumming, Jessica Pulis

Abstract


How does one build a Request for Proposals (RFP) process that allows for bottom-up participation while simultaneously being pragmatic and adept enough to manoeuvre the complexities of a multi-stakeholder environment defined by differing interests, objectives, mandates, and power dynamics? This article showcases the findings from participatory work with stakeholder groups working in the area of food security in Southern Ontario’s Halton Region. It demonstrates a process designed with the specific intent of increasing the engagement of beneficiaries and service providers in the RFP process. Finally, the article seeks to shed additional light on theory and practice of “participatory approaches” in the context of philanthropy. It is important to be realistic in not reifying participation itself in this context. In both theory and practice, this means adopting lenses and models that openly consider the complex realities, political obstacles, and trade-offs that occur when negotiating participation in this environment.

RÉSUMÉ
Cet article aborde la question suivante: comment créer un processus de demande de propositions (DP) permettant une participation ascendante tout en étant suffisamment pragmatique et suffisamment habile pour gérer les complexités d’un environnement multipartite défini par des intérêts, objectifs, mandats et dynamiques de pouvoir différents? La question est répondue en présentant les résultats d’un projet de travail participatif intégrant des intervenants travaillant dans le domaine de la sécurité alimentaire dans la région de Halton, dans le sud de l’Ontario. L’article illustre un processus conçu qui a le but spécifique d’accroître la participation des bénéficiaires et des fournisseurs de services au processus de demande de propositions. Enfin, l’article cherche à apporter une réflexion additionnelle sur la théorie et la pratique des « approches participatives » dans le contexte de la philanthropie. Il met de l’avant l’importance d’être réaliste dans ses attentes pour ne pas réifier les bienfaits de la participation dans ce contexte. En théorie et en pratique, cela signifie d’adopter des objectifs et des modèles qui tiennent compte ouvertement des réalités complexes, des obstacles politiques et des compromis qui se produisent lors de la négociation de la participation un tel environnement.


Keywords


Participatory development; Creative problem-solving; Philanthropy; Food security Développement participatif; Résolution créative de problèmes; Philanthropie; La sécurité alimentaire

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, S.M., Beck, B., Maurana, C.A., and Newton, G. (2004). Overcoming Barriers to Effective Community-Based Participatory Research in US Medical Schools. Education for Health, Vol. 17, No. 2, July 2004: 141-151.

Arnold, J.M. (2004). Charity Food Programs That Can End Hunger in America [PDF]. URL: http://www.feedwm.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/wnwnelca.pdf

Bazerghi, C., McKay, F. H., & Dunn, M. (2016). The role of food banks in addressing food insecurity: A systematic review. Journal of Community Health, 41(4), 732-740. doi:10.1007/s10900-015-0147-5

Chambers, R. (1994). The Origins and Practice of Participatory rural Appraisal. World Development, 22 (7): 953-969.

Conference Board of Canada (2010). Innovation Catalysts and Accelerators: The Impact of Ontario Colleges’ Applied Research. URL: : http://www.collegesontario.org/research/external-reports/innovation_catalysts_and_accelerators_report.pdf

Cumming, S. (2017). Nourishing Neighbours: A Joint Initiative to Find Creative Solutions to Food Security for Halton’s Vulnerable Population (Neighbours): A Summary of the Research Findings from Focus Groups held on February 22, 2017. Unpublished Research Report. Sheridan College. Greater Vancouver Food Bank.

De la Salle, J. and Unwin, J. (2016). Social Innovation in Food Banks an Environmental Scan of Social Innovation in Canadian and US Food Banks [PDF]. URL: http://www.feedopportunity.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Social-Innovation-Scan-of-Food-Banks.pdf

Edwards, M.S. (2014). Trends & Best Practices in Food Distribution Systems: A focus on food banks & partner agencies [PDF]. URL: http://www.kbr.org/sites/default/files/Trends%20Best%20Practices-FINAL.pdf

Freire, P. (1970). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Seabury

Food Banks Canada. (2012, January). Stimulating Canada’s Charitable Sector: A Tax Incentive Plan for Charitable Food Donations [PDF]. URL: https://www.foodbankscanada.ca/getmedia/3940f0c5-9363-4512-9852-b5ecf9b5e5b5/Stim--Charitable-Food-Donations_Feb2012.pdf.aspx?ext=.pdf

Green LW, George A, Daniel M, Frankish CJ, Herbert CP, Bowie WR, O'Neill M. (1995) Study of Participatory Research in Health Promotion: Review and Recommendations for the Development of Participatory Research in Health Promotion in Canada. Ottawa: Royal Society of Canada.

Israel, B. A., Schulz, A. J., Parker, E. A., & Becker, A. B. (1998). Review of community-based research: Assessing partnership approaches to improve public health. Annual Review of Public Health, 19, 173–202.

Israel, B.A., Eng, E., Schulz, A.J., and Parker, E.A. (eds.) (2013). Methods for Community-Based Research for Health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Levkoe, C. Z., & Wakefield, S. (2011). The Community Food Centre: Creating space for a just, sustainable, and healthy food system. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 2(1). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2011.021.012

Loopstra, R., & Tarasuk, V. (2012). The Relationship Between Food Banks and Household Food Insecurity among Low-Income Toronto Families. Canadian Public Policy, 38(4), 497-514.

McIntyre, A. (2008). Participatory Action Research. California: Sage Publications Inc.

Minkler, M. , Blackwell, A.G., , Thompson, M., and Tamir, H. (2011). Community-Based Participatory Research: Implications for Public Health Funding. American Public Helath Association. URL: http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/full/10.2105/AJPH.93.8.1210

Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (2017). College and Community Innovation Program- College and Community Social Innovation Fund. Ottawa: NSERC. http://www.nserc-crsng.gc.ca/Professors-Professeurs/RPP-PP/CCSIF-ICC_eng.asp

O'Fallon, L. R., & Dearry, A. (2002). Community-based participatory research as a tool to advance environmental health sciences. Environmental Health Perspectives, 110 (Suppl. 2), 155–159.

Ontario Association of Food Banks. (2017). Hunger Report: The Rising Costs of Housing and its Impact on Hunger in Ontario [PDF]. URL: https://oafb.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Hunger-Report-2017.pdf

Puccio, G., Murdock, M., and Mance, M. (2007). Creative Leadership: Skills That Drive Change. Thousand Oakes, CA: Sage Publication.

Puccio, G., Mance, M., Barbero Switalski, L., and Reali, P.D., (2012). Creativity Rising: Creative Thinking and Creative Problem Solving in the 21st Century. Buffalo, N.Y.: ICSC Press, International Center for Studies in Creativity.

Rose , L. H., & Lin, H. (1984). A meta-analysis of long-term creativity training programs. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 18(1), 11-22. doi:10.1002/j.2162-6057.1984.tb00985.x

Savage, C.L., Xu, Y., Lee, R., Rose, B.L., Kappesser, M., Spann Anthony, J. (2006). A Case Study in the Use of Community-Based Participatory Research in Public Health Nursing. Public Health Nursing. Volume 23 (5), pp. 472-478.

Scott, G., Leritz, L. E., & Mumford, M. D. (2004). The effectiveness of creativity training: A

quantitative review. Creativity Research Journal, 16(4), 361-388.

doi:10.1207/s15326934crj1604_1.

Sethi, S., Belliard, J.A. (2009). Participatory Health Assessment in Haiti: Practical Tools for Community Empowerment. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action. Vol. 3 (3): 257-264.

Smith, G. F. (1998). Idea generation techniques: A formulary of active ingredients. Journal of Creative Behavior, 32(2), 107-134.

The Stop Community Food Centre. (n.d). Food as a Tool [webpage]. URL: http://thestop.org/

Stringer, E. (2007). Action Research 3rd Edition. California: Sage Publication Inc.

Torrance, E. P. (1972). Can we teach children to think creatively? The Journal of Creative Behavior, 6(2), 114-143. doi:10.1002/j.2162-6057.1972.tb00923.x.

Warren, J. (2011, September 16). Former food bank clients recount life on hampers. The Star-Phoenix URL: http://login.library.sheridanc.on.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.library.sheridanc.on.ca/docview/890637958?accountid=3455

World Food Programme (2001). Participatory Techniques and Tools: A WFP Guide. Rome, Italy: United Nations World Food Programme.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22230/cjnser.2018v9n2a279

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.